Primary schools are generally divided into junior preparatory schools (grades 0-3) and senior preparatory schools (grades 4-7) before children attend high school (otherwise known as college) from grades 8-12. The aim of the DBE is to develop, maintain and support a South African school education system for the 21st century. Leafy suburbs like Sandton boast world-class institutions with top-of-art facilities, whilst neighbouring Alexandra township schools are often victims of violence, poor infrastructure and a lack of […] The responsibility for education in South Africa is shared by the Department of Basic Education (DBE) and the Department of Higher Education and Training (DHET). According to the General Household Survey 2017, nationally, 32,3% of individuals aged five years and older attended an educational institution. Science (6 years). A first impression of the country revealed inequalities in the educational system limiting the economic potential of the country, despite the efforts of South Africans to achieve reconciliation. Ethiopia brings us to number 5 with a 0.622 EDI – barely nudging out Eritrea by 0.001 – and an ALR of 39%; the 5th lowest in the world. A shortage of scholarships and bursaries is one of the downsides of going to university in South Africa as an international student. South Africa's education system is facing major challenges. The cosmopolitan perspective: Sociology of the second age of modernity . Polytechnics train technicians is a wide variety of disciplines while universities award traditional bachelors, masters and doctorates degrees. The process is compulsory through to grade 9, and spans 12 grades in total. Your use of this service is subject to our. Regardless of this fact, our government continues to build more schools. It pays to investigate your options and submit your child’s application as early as possible, however. Prior to 2009, the National Department of Education was responsible for higher education as well as elementary and secondary education. South Africa Educational System—overview. Beck U. 2000. There are over 400 public special needs schools in South Africa. Johannesburg, one of the largest cities in South Africa, emanates a working city atmosphere, nurtured by commerce and opportunities. Some schools will conduct interviews and you may need to pay a registration fee when you apply. The South Africa Act of 1909 left the control of primary and secondary education with the provinces, while reserving higher education to the union government. They often have smaller class sizes, more extracurricular activities, and, in some cases, learning systems mirroring national curricula abroad. © 2021, Scholaro, Inc. All Rights These fees are significantly cheaper than private schools, where fees are usually between R30,000 and R70,000, with additional costs for boarding. With this in mind, the cost of studying can be relatively high, as universities set their own admission fees. Most international schools teach lessons in English, with the exception of German and French schools, which teach bilingually. As previously discussed, in the final year of high school (grade 12), students sit the matric exam, with passes given for 50-59% (normal pass), 60-89% (merit), and 90% or above (distinction) for each subject studied. systems in South Africa and Zimbabwe are outliers in this regard, in that the period from primary to the end of senior secondary school comprises 13 years of schooling. According to UNICEF, South Africa spends more on education as a share of GDP than any other African nation, providing free and compulsory primary education to all children aged 7 to 15, regardless of race. The system is divided into 3 strata, namely general education and training, further education and training, and higher education and training. The system is divided into 3 strata, namely general education and training, further education and training, and higher education and training. Ages represent the typical age at the beginning of the school year. As with state schools, private and international schools in South Africa should be accredited by the Council for Quality Assurance in General and Further Education Training (Umlazi). Expatica uses technology such as cookies and scripts to personalize content and ads, provide social media features, and analyze our traffic. Pupils must study at least two languages. Learn more about schools in South Africa, including the South African education system, school fees, local and international schools, and how to register your child. South Africa has about 30,000 schools, with 26,000 of them receiving public funding. What is the education system in South Africa? This site uses functional cookies and external scripts to improve your experience. Africa has the highest rates of educational exclusion in the world. Beneath this lies a plethora of independent adult schools some of which maintain high standards. The South African government implemented an education system called Christian National Education (CNE). However, the level of education in Africa is generally not high. South Africa’s education system performs worse than poorer nations such as Zimbabwe, Kenya and Swaziland. Levels of education in South Africa, by age and year of schooling: 2013. Homeschooling in South Africa is relatively popular with expats. National Senior Certificate (NSC) Exams taken upon completion of grade 12. Education in South Africa is governed by two national departments, namely the department of Basic Education (DBE), which is responsible for primary and secondary schools, and the department of Higher Education and Training (DHET), which is responsible for tertiary education and vocational training. While some universities have scholarships that are open to students from around the world, preference is usually given to native students. Education in South Africa is continuing to take strain as the government attempts to achieve equal opportunities for all. By implication, every child is expected to get an education from Grade one to Grade nine. The basis of this system is that a person's social responsibilities and political opportunities are defined by that person's ethnic identity. Ethiopia (0.622 EDI) – Worst education system in Africa. With international schools boasting better grades and facilities and much smaller class sizes, they are very popular. To homeschool your child, you must apply to the governing body in your area and agree to follow the curriculum, maintain records of their coursework, and for them to attend the school to sit their exams. The state school system is behind the times, carrying the legacy of apartheid. From grades 10 to 12, education is optional and is sometimes taught in specialist technical, community or private colleges, where they take a school-leaving exam known as the Matric. From the age of seven years up to the age of 15, education is made compulsory for children. This is at odds with most local and private South African schools, where school years run from January to December. Alternatively, there are plenty of language schools in South Africa to help with learning a local language. Some expats moving to the country have these costs covered by their employer. Educational standards tend to be higher in the bigger cities. At state schools, holidays usually last for two to three weeks between each term and four or five weeks in December when the school year ends. However, with a lack of government financing, some schools lack qualified teachers and specialist equipment. Primary schools are generally divided into junior preparatory schools (grades 0-3) and senior preparatory schools (grades 4-7) before children attend high school (otherwise known as … The standard of education depends on the severity of the disability and the resources of the school. To sit the Matric exam in Grade 12, students must know both English and Afrikaans. With the exception of some international schools, South African schools follow a January to November school year. Degrees in South Africa are awarded in a standard style with undergraduate, master’s, and PhD qualifications, albeit without a uniform grading system (1st, 2:1 etc). This site uses functional cookies and external scripts to improve your experience. 5. The South African education system, characterized by crumbling infrastructure, overcrowded classrooms and relatively poor educational outcomes, is perpetuating inequality and as a result failing too many of its children, with the poor hardest hit according to a new report published by Amnesty International today. Expats moving to South Africa have a range of schooling options, from public schools to private ones. South Africa’s education system is split into three levels: elementary, secondary and tertiary. This inequality could not be more prevalent than in our education system. Most parents in South Africa must pay for their child’s schooling. Provincial authorities operate these schools, so the quality of education varies significantly between areas. Educational system of south africa 1. South Africa’s education systems has three different bands. The majority of the 1,600 private schools in South Africa are located in Gauteng and the Western Cape. Kindergarten is grade 0 in South Africa. Awarded since 2008. Laws (4 years), Bachelor of Architecture (5 years) and the Bachelor of Veterinary Many senior preparatory schools act as feeder schools for high schools/colleges. Many international schools have good reputations and are popular with expats. A wide divide in quality standards between previously “white” and previously “independent homeland” institutions continues to pervade society. The subject offerings among the nations for the entire schooling period are diverse. Education System in South Africa. Most schools offer lessons in either English or Afrikaans; others offer classes in another South African language. There is also an introduction to the South African educational philosophy. Finally, private schools in South Africa have a very good reputation. However, many lower-income families have these fees paid by the government. Expatica helps make your expat journey the experience you've always wanted. 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