The Historical Society’s public lecture series was on hiatus in 2020 due to the public health crisis, but meetings will resume virtually in 2021. December 7, the Japanese empire attacked Pearl Harbor. Hawaiian is standardized as a written language with help from the missionaries that created the language from the sounds they heard. The H.P. Their remote settlement was created 2000 miles from the American continent and minimally affected by the European Anglo culture of the mainland United States. Suggest a Site. It also has an impressive set of displays about the formation of the Hawaiian islands and its volcanos. To join, download the membership form below. Due to the destruction and loss of life in 1946, a territory wide Tsunami Warning system was installed in 1948.  This system successfully warned of a 1952 and 1957 tsunami.Â. 2020 Hawaiian History Calendar – available for sale . Queen Lili’uokalani was an early patron of the Society. To counter the strike, Filipinos were recruited to replace the vacated jobs. Upcoming Events Citizens at Last: Hannah Ambler, Grace Schenck and the Vote. A 1919 a Philippine investigator, reported that the Filipino plantation workers worked at least 10 hours a day, six days a week, 27 days a month for 90 cents a day or $20/month.  The worked under extremely difficult conditions with poor housing and complained of abusive plantation foreman. The eruption has also added more than 280 acres of new land to Hawai'i island and continues today to change the shape of the coastline, General Lyman Field airport is changed to Hilo International Airport (ITO). T.H. The Hawaiian Sugar cane plantations lobbied the U.S. Congress and were able to gain exemption from the law which guaranteed a steady Filipino labor supply until the onset of World War II. By 1923 indigenous Hawaiians population had dwindled to 16%.  The largest percentage of Hawaii’s population was Japanese. Filipino workers had a strike at Ola’a Sugar Plantation - also known as Puna Sugar Company - in the Big Island. The Box Hill Historical Society is affiliated with the Royal Historical Society of Victoria and is a member of the Association of Eastern Historical Societies. By contributing their talents to help with our programs and projects, scores of local volunteers, from high school students to retirees keep THSSH operating. Pepeekeo Sugar Company ceased operations.  Continental Pacific LLC, based in Florida purchased the property and created individual parcels for sale. Hershey buys out Hilo’s Mauna Loa Macadamia Nut Corp from the Shansby Group, (formerly owned by C. Brewer & Co, one of the Big Five) impacting 400 workers in Hilo. The Stoneham Historical Society's inaugural Field Trip series was recently launched with a small group of members and guests enjoying a VIP tour of the Commonwealth Museum at 220 Morrissey Blvd in Boston - adjacent to the JFK Library. 'A'a lava flows built an 800-foot cinder cone at Pu'u 'O'o. Hula is very different from most dancing where you sit passively and watch. A new lava flow broke out on the northeast rift zone of Mauna Loa eruption and headed toward Hilo.  The flow was bombed using planes to attempt to stop it.  The flow stopped soon afterwards. Hilo, HI 96720 2. East Hawaii Cultural Center in Hilo is housed in a former police station built in 1932. Most Japanese immigrants were put to work chopping and weeding sugar cane on vast plantations, many of which were far larger than any single village in Japan. Historical Society of Washington, D.C. None See also. Silent Hill Historical Society. Native Hawaiians and Polynesians have called the island of Hawaii their home for a long time; most references say since 1100.   Chinese, Japanese, Filipinos, Koreans, and Portuguese in Hilo were recruited long before Hawaii was a State or even a territory of the United States as contract workers on sugarcane plantations. Through the History Club students have participated in community activities such as Toys for Tots and food bank drives, excursions to historic sites, and film nights. Hilo / ˈ h iː l oʊ / (Hawaiian pronunciation: ) is the largest city and census-designated place (CDP) in Hawaii County, Hawaii, United States, which encompasses the Island of Hawaiʻi.The population was 43,263 according to the 2010 census.. Hilo is the county seat of the County of Hawaiʻi and is in the District of South Hilo. Castle & Cooke began to face financial troubles and merged with Flexi-Van corp, a transportation leasing company.  In 1991 the company was renamed to Dole Food Company and in 1995 Dole Food Company was purchased by David Murdock who has converted pineapple plantations to exclusive resorts, particularly on Lanai, where he owns about 95% of the island. Honolulu Star Bulletin "Businesses that built Hawaii" Shipman House history Hula is inclusive, the audience participates, young and old, women and men, everyone is a part of it. Didn't find what you were looking for? List of historical societies; Lists of U.S. state topics; External links This page was last edited on 20 February 2020, at 18:36 (UTC). The warehouse could store 24,000 bags of sugar, which were loaded onto interisland steamers by steel cables from the sea cliff. Our member, retail, and fundraising organization supports and promotes Kansas history through the Kansas Historical Society, a state agency. The Japanese government lifted the restriction on immigration to Hawaii.    Within 5-6 years more than 40,000 Japanese came.  Many moved on the west coast of the United States. The center has 3 art galleries and 2 theaters.   Theo H. Davies was sold in 1973 to Jardine Matheson & Co., a British firm based in Hong Kong. If your organization is not listed in our directory, all you need to do is fill out a simple form. The Hoosick Township Historical Society and the Louis Miller Museum are located within the beautiful village of Hoosick Falls. is a general Silent Hill fan site with the latest news on the new games, movies, interviews and even a podcast from the point of view of a long time fan!. "After crossing tiny one-lane wooden bridges above picturesque waterfalls and lush river valleys with sunlight peeping through the dense foliage, lighting to brilliant the myriad hues of green." They take the time to have deep conversations about life and the world. From 1911 to 1920, an estimated 3,000 Filipino workers arrived yearly. The Mahele of 1848 divided the land between the King, the nobles (ali’i) and the people and for the first time permitted private ownership of the land. The 2020 Hawaiian Historic During the California gold rush, whaling vessels showed up in Hilo to stock up with fresh water and supplies.  As many as 50 to 100 ships were docked in Hilo at a time.  The fleets eventually stopped coming to Hilo after the Civil war due to being mostly destroyed by confederate ships. A small parish school of 42 students was established in Hilo for the purpose of teaching English to native Hawaiians.  The school was named St. Joseph. Hilo, HI 96720 5. Book effortlessly online with Tripadvisor! Hawaii Center for Oral History The law also restricted immigration to the U.S. to only fifty Filipinos each year. The Historic Palace Theater in downtown Hilo was originally built in 1925 and considered the grandest outer Island movie hall in Hawaii. Metcalf  Plantation, was started on the outskirts of Hilo at Kaupakuea by Theophilus Metcalf and the first sugar cane crop was harvested in 1859. It was closed in 1982, but purchased in 1990 and refurbished with private, state and county funding, finally opening in 1998. In Laupahoehoe Point waves destroyed teacher’s residences and flooded school grounds, killing 25 students and teachers.Â, The Department of Justice sued to challenge the majority ownership of Matson Navigation by four of the Big 5. The State Historical Society of Iowa has been a trustee of Iowa’s historical legacy since 1857. Govenor Poindexter declared martial law, suspended th writ of habeas corpus, closed the local courts, and turned the powers of government to the military. YP, the YP logo and all other YP marks contained herein are trademarks of YP LLC and/or YP affiliated companies. Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument. Polynesians arrived in the Hilo area. Historical Society in Hilo, HI 1. At the Coconut Grill, out near the airport, you can see the high-water marks for each of the tsunamis painted high up on the wall near the doorway to the lobby of the Hilo Bay Hotel. American missionaries arrived in Hilo.  They taught reading and writing to the Hawaiians. Helen Wong Smith was elected HHS president on May 9 in Honolulu, and Ian Birnie resumes his position as vice president after a year-long hiatus. YP advertisers receive higher placement in the default ordering of search results and may appear in sponsored listings on the top, side, or bottom of the search results page. Plantation workers were legally bound by 3- to 5-year labor contracts, and "deserters" could be jailed. Merrie Monarch Hula Festival was created in 1964 to perpetuate, preserve and promote the art of hula.  In 1971 the event became competitive and now the yearly performances are usually sold-out and attended by people from all over the world and broadcast on statewide television. Â, Merrie Monarch event displaying Hula talent in Hilo. Alexander & Baldwin (later known as one of Hawaii’s Big5) was founded by sons of medical missionaries that came to Hawaii in 1831.  They purchased land to grow sugar cane. Direct mainland flights to Hilo began by United and Pan Am. The Pepeekeo Sugar Company’s crop was estimated at 1800 tons and the factory was constructed of corrugated iron buildings with machinery manufactured by Honolulu Iron Works. My research focuses on Shinmachi but is not limited to that area. October 14, 1889 Pepeekeo Sugar Company was incorporated, with H. Hackfeld & Co. as agents. Hawaii Plantation & Industrial Museum Hilo The Hawaii plantation labor force was 54.7% Japanese and 22.9% Filipino.  During the 1920s an average of 7,630 Filipinos arrived in Hawaii annually. Prince Jonah Kuhio Kalanaiana'ole, introduced the Hawai`i National Park bill, establishing both Kilauea and Haleakala areas as park lands. Much of my research involves talking to survivors about their experiences, so if you or someone you know has a story to add to the historical record please contact me. “Preferred” listings, or those with featured website buttons, indicate YP advertisers who directly provide information about their businesses to help consumers make more informed buying decisions. National Societies. Upstairs is a history of the Polynesians and Hawaiians and many artifacts. Merrie Monarch is the largest event in Hilo, but the East Hawaii Cultural Center, Palace Theater, Lyman's Museum, and UH Performng Center have events year round. The Filipinos, who made up 70% of the plantation workforce, protested the lowering of wages and the employment discrimination policy. A Longshore strike lasted 6 months and crippled the Territory of Hawaii’s economy. The Pepeekeo Sugar Company’s annual sugar yield was 8,000 tons processed by a 9-roller mill with a capacity to grind 60 tons of cane per day. If you find inaccuracies or missing events let me know at [email protected] Kamehameha III created the first Hawaiian constitution subjected Kamehameha and his heirs to the law.  It established a house of nobles and an elected house of representatives. In contrast, 157,000 Japanese-Americans were living in the Hawaiian Islands. By 1909, 639 Filipino workers had come to Hawaii and by 1910, there were 2,915. Hilo, HI 96720 6. Student members of this society are eligible to present papers at the regional PAT conference and, in past years, have received top honors for outstanding undergraduate writing. Lyman Museum.  The company was later to become the foundation of Amfac, later known as one of Hawaii’s Big 5). The Filipino History site All other marks contained herein are the property of their respective owners. US-based fruit and sugar plantations in Hawaii started recruiting Japanese immigrants, as laborers for the sugar cane and pineapple plantation sending agents to Japan to sign long-term contracts with young men.Â. 81-6551 Mamalahoa Highway (Hwy 11) Greenwell Store Open Mondays and Thursdays from 10 am – 2 pm (808) 323-3222. The workday was long, the labor exhausting, and, both on the job and off, the workers' lives were strictly controlled by the plantation owners. Japanese immigrants came to a Hawaii controlled almost exclusively by large commercial interests. From Business: This 182-acre park contains the Puuhonua, a sacred place of refuge, as well as other temples and coastal sites. By the early 1900s a number of wharves had been constructed, the breakwater was begun, and a new railroad system designated Hilo as a center of commerce. The Hawaiian Monarchy is overthrown precipitated by Queen Lili’uokalani’s proposed new constitution to restore power for the monarchy to appoint the house of nobles and veto constitutional amendments. During the event-filled week, Hula takes over Hilo. They inhabited Hilo Bay establishing farms and fishing communities. Membership of the society offers many benefits, as well as helping to preserve and maintain our local history. They have a collection of historical displays about the Chinese, Japanese, Koreans and Filipinos that migrated to Hawaii. The dancers give you eye contact, the music is uplifting, and the scent of the leis and colors fill your senses. THE HAWAIIAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY, established in 1892, is a private non-profit organization created by a group of prominent citizens dedicated to preserving historical materials, presenting public lectures, and publishing scholarly research on the history of Hawai’i. Homesteaders near Hilo were using 625 acres to grow cane that was processed at the Pepeekeo Sugar Company mill.  Eucalyptus trees were planted as windbreaks, protecting the fields near the ohia forests.   The Waiaama stream and Kauku Hill provided water and turned a water wheel to generate power. Willie Shipman bought a mansion in Hilo, where his wife, Mary, had guests that included Lili’uokalani, the last queen of Hawaii and the famous author Jack London. After our first Merrie Monarch, we were hooked. On his return, in 1789, he stopped in Hawaii bringing with him 50 Chinese carpenters, several whom stayed on the Big Island under the charge of Kamehameha the 1st. Kamehameha the Great completed the unification of Hawaii beginning the transformation from a feudal society to a constitutional monarchy. The British blockaded Hawaii for 2 years as a result of the War of 1812. Hilo had a wide beach and another row of downtown storefronts and railroad tracks that brought sugar to the wharves that reached from town into the bay. Lovecraft Historical Society is an international organization for fans of the author H.P. There were 700 employees at Pepeekeo Sugar, all of whom worked on the day labor system, there being no contract laborers at the plantation. In 1956, due to the increase in mechanical harvesting, the Pepeekeo Sugar company labor force of 460 was reduced to 400. It is important to know our history and where we come from. An industry-wide strike, higher labor costs, unfavorable weather, and the April tidal wave that destroyed the railroad and terminals in Hilo added to the problems of 1946. The people are very down to earth, preferring T-shirts over touristy Aloha-style. At its peak Amfac owned 60,000 acres of land and was a dominate sugar company and founder of Liberty House department stores. During the height of the Depression, labor problems over low pay and poor working conditions resulted in the Hilo Longshoremen striking against the inter-island Steamship Navigation Co.  On July 22, some 250 strikers, supporters and family members marched down Kuhio road to the wharf.  Seeing the crowd, the policed used tear gas and in the resulting panic shot and bayoneted 51 of the Hilo townsmen.  Though no one was killed, the incident has come to be known as the Hilo Massacre. Independent Historical Societies; A History of the Genealogical Society of Utah. The museum has a large collection of rocks, minerals and shells. Below is a list of current volunteer opportunities, most of … Located within the Swan Hill Regional Library. In addition to controlling Hawaii's sugar industry, A&B, Amfac, C. Brewer and Castle & Cooke together owned nearly three-quarters of Matson, and Matson carried 80 percent of all cargo shipped between the mainland and Hawaii. Dorband-Howe House Museum Address: 2035 West 183rd Street, Homewood, IL 60430 708-799-1896 [email protected] Facebook: @realhomewoodhistorical It holds workshops, music events, plays, arts shows every month. Davies & Co. served as agents from 1892 to 1904, when C. Brewer & Co. purchased control. Search Collections Search a wealth of records and images from MNHS collections. The Japanese-Americans workers were crucial to the sugar and pineapple plantations.  The 1800 interned Hawaiian Japanese-Americans were prominent in the community or otherwise thought to be some sort of risk. Feb 17, 2021 - Looking to get inspired on your trip to Hilo? From Business: Hāwea Waipi'o Valley Adventure is a Hawaiian Cultural and educational experience. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Broome County Historical Society had to change their monthly meetings and programs from in-person to online. Japanese and Filipino organizers joined with Chinese, Spanish, and Portuguese laborers, to form the Hawaii Laborers' Association, the islands' first multiethnic labor union. Indigenous Hawaiians made up 97% of the islands population. Wainaku, Hakalau, Pepeekeo, and Papaikou sugar companies were consolidated in a processing cooperative that also included independent cane growers. Lyman Museum and Missionary House is in a 1839 missionary home in Hilo, The house has been maintained as close to possible as it was when the Lyman's lived in it and regular tours take you through the house. The theater has an enormous organ that is played in many of their events. The Society produces motion pictures, audio dramas, musical projects, publications, prop replicas and much more - all of which take Lovecraft’s creations to a whole new level. Dissolved and its File Number is 102104 D2. Theo H Davies & Co (later known as one of Hawaii’s Big 5) was founded by two Englishmen originally as a small trading company called Starkey, Janion & Co.  Davies took control in 1881 and added sugar plantations to the company interests. When the town was rebuilt, a large park and roadway were situated between the buildings and the shoreline to absorb future tidal waves. In addition to the three days of hula competition, there are hula demonstrations all week long, a traditional Hawaiian crafts fair, a huge Merrie Monarch Parade, and a festival. Captain Cook moored in Kealakekua Bay on the Kona coast of the island of Hawaii.  The Hawaiian islands’  population is estimated to be between 200,000 to 400,000 at that time.  The people had a rich culture and had explored the oceans yet had no written language, metal or clay for pottery. In Hawaii fewer than 1,800 Japanese Americans were taken into custody compared to the 100,000 on the mainland. Kamehameha set up an agreement with Boston ship captains to export sandalwood from Hawaii to China with Kamehameha receiving 25% of the profits. Unlike many Hawaiian cities, Hilo has never experienced huge tourist draws, which means it has stayed true to the state’s pre-World War II persona and is home to plantation-style architecture and historic storefronts. The company has 10 principals on record. For many Japanese immigrants, most of whom had worked their own family farms back home, the relentless toil and impersonal scale of industrial agriculture was unbearable, and thousands fled to the mainland before their contracts were up. The Historical Society of the Somerset Hills has no paid staff. The strike ended after a six month standoff by which time the workers received increased wages, abolishment of wage differentials, and changes in the bonus system. Sugar mills and plantations began to close, and members of the Big 5 started getting bought out. Chinese immigrants are credited with being the first in Hawaii to refine sugar. Records & Indexes | Research Help Records & Indexes Historical data and primary source materials. The Wilton Historical Society Museum is currently closed to visitors. Please contact the business for updated hours/services due to the COVID-19 advisory. Kamehameha the Great came to Hilo to build 800 war canoes to help him conquer the Hawaiian Islands. It was closed in 1982, but purchased in 1990 and refurbished with private, state and county funding, finally opening in 1998. H. Hackfeld & Co. was seized by the US government along with other German assets and sold to a consortium of Hawaii business men. The eruption began with 47 episodes of spectacular high fountains, most lasting a day or less and occurring at 3-4 week intervals. Though the people of Hilo are polite, newcomers (“malihini”) are considered outsiders.  Mainlanders often create expectations of their life in Hawaii from visits to Hawaiian resorts and are sometimes disappointed. C. Brewer, was one of the state's largest agricultural companies and moved its offices to a former sugar mill on a 10.34-acre site at Wainaku Point, overlooking Hilo Bay.Â. Lymans is the type of place worth visiting several times. The Morgan Hill Historical Society and Museum recognize the importance of capturing this history and would like to ask the communities of Morgan Hill, Coyote, Madrone and San Martin to help us document community experiences and preserve them for future generations.  While constructing the church, a near-magnitude 8 earthquake hit the island in April 1868, which lowered the foundation that was under construction by more than a foot. Standardized as a written language with help from the sea cliff 13, 1903 one hundred and Korean! 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